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Multiculturalism - Theory, impacts and challenges

What is Multiculturalism?

Multiculturalism is an ideology to create relations among communities of all races, religions, ethnicities, and cultural groups. In particular, Multiculturalism means that we form religious homes where people from different cultural backgrounds intersect with Unitarian Universalism to create an entirely inclusive community.

The idea behind Multiculturalism was to avoid domination by one cultural identity to other identities. Instead, we should assimilate each other into a shared community just as we are one. The idea behind the development of Multiculturalism can be said into different concepts of cultural pluralism, and that's the key for the formation of philosophical and social humanism to create a healthier Egalitarian Society.

Another aspect of Multiculturalism is, it can be argued precisely because of intense social and cultural diversity. The state should remain neutral between cultural groups and ensures that fundamental liberal rights are fairly applied across cultural differences. In us, multiculturalism isn't entirely established in policy at the federal level. Instead, it's been addressed primarily through the varsity system with the increase of ethnic studies programs in education and attempts to form the grade school curricula more inclusive of the history and contributions of non-white peoples.

Theory of Multiculturalism

The primary theory of Multiculturalism is that people from different cultural backgrounds are integrated into a single roof, receiving equal status in the society and celebrating festivals together without any discrimination. This cultural assimilation process is also known as "The melting pot." 

Besides that, society needs to build strong communication bridges between each cultural group to create a community where each day communication is based on justice, acceptance, and peace. More importantly, it ensures individual equal rights.

Multiculturalism in education

Multicultural education is a form of education that aims to teach students about various tets, beliefs, values, and perspectives of people from different cultural backgrounds. Multicultural education allows students to sharpen their critical thinking skills on topics related to cultural and social issues, including institutional racism, sexism, ageism, and sexual orientation, etc.

Another aspect of Multicultural education is Equity for all students, regardless of culture, or to remove barriers in educational opportunities for students from different cultural backgrounds. According to Studies, it is estimated that around 46.3 million Americans between the age of 14 to 24 are the most diverse generation in American society.

Multiculturalism in psychology

Multicultural Psychology focuses on identity and its social context to help students to view culture not just as a minority but in multiple aspects of identity influence a person's worldview, including race, language, age, gender, disability, education, or sexual orientation. Multicultural Psychology also helps students to apply concepts to their own lives at a particular point of learning, to assess their awareness and progress, and to think about their role and skill to engage in social change.

Challenges in Multiculturalism

  • Language : 

The way we speak, and the words we use, are the primary signs we use to convey our feelings. We all are tied to our language, which is why New migrants can face difficulty finding employment if they are unable to speak or communicate in English.

Imagine managing a multicultural team where many of the members speak different languages like English, Hindi, french and german.

Not only does one need to confirm they understand company procedures and policies, but you also want to ensure everyone has an efficient method of communicating with each other. Denying this task isn't challenging would be an irony. At an equivalent time, the primary language spoken at the office could be the second or third language for a few employees so that they might understand colloquialisms.

  • Culture affecting work :

Just like the Language barrier, this will be pretty challenging for colleagues from polite cultures. As an example, professionals from Asian countries like Vietnam or Japan may feel less comfortable speaking up or sharing ideas, particularly if they're new to the team or during a more junior role.

Also, these cultural barriers can confuse team members and, within the worst-case scenario, a scarcity of cohesion. In another example, Americans may encounter more informal and casual with the worker and manager relationship where someone from an area like Japan would like more formal office constructs.

  • Economic Issues :

Migrants are often welcomed during the economy's growth but resented during recessions, once they are often accused of taking ‘our’ jobs. this is often not limited to the united kingdom. According to Government studies, migrant workers tend to score a more significant contribution to our GDP than they cost. 


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